Bone Health For Runners (Part 2) - She Runs Eats Performs

Episode 24

Published on:

17th Sep 2020

Bone Health For Runners (Part 2)

Health for Runners (Part 2)

Bone health is important at every age stage. Bones develop through childhood and our teenage years reaching peak bone mineral density by our late 20’s. Having good nutrition for bone health during those years is crucial. Most people are probably aware that BMD decreases with age from about 40 years old and especially during menopausal years, which may lead to Osteopenia and Osteoporosis. Often these conditions go undetected until someone has a fall/fracture.

 A bone stress injury can stop a runner in her tracks and may even lead to a longer term injury, so looking after your bones as a runner is important for health and a long enjoyable running life.

 In Episode 21, Bone Health for Runners (Part 1), we discussed what makes healthy bones, the causes of stress fractures in runners as well as an introduction into nutrition and lifestyle to support optimal bone health. 

 In this episode Bone Health for Runners (Part 2) we delve deeper into specific nutrients required for strong bones and discuss some lifestyle factors to also promote bone health. We highlight the key bone building nutrients, why we need them, their food sources, and how to maximise their bioavailability.

Specific nutrients addressed in this episode include:

  • Calcium
  • Vitamin D (and K2)
  • Magnesium
  • Quick mention of omega 3 fatty acids and other important micronutrients

This episode also includes a Q&A section where questions received from Part 1 are answered.

Show Notes


A quick recap of the nutritional points discussed in Part 1 


A quick look at Calcium and its many functions in the body before moving on to focus on its key role in bone health. Also, discussing some food sources in addition to dairy food, which is widely associated with its calcium content. 


Thinking about calcium bioavailability i.e its absorption and availability to the body for use. Vitamin D comes in to play here.  


Considering Vitamin D status as a means of supporting calcium bioavailability and optimizing bone health. Discussing its anti-inflammatory properties alongside its ability to absorb toxic substances in the absence of sufficient micronutrients in the diet. Dietary supplementation of Vitamin D also addressed here. 


Moving on to discuss the importance of magnesium in forming the bone matrix and emphasising how magnesium and the other nutrients discussed work in synergy, not alone. Also, exploring the ratio of magnesium to calcium required in food and nutritional supplementation for optimal calcium function.    


A quick shout out for Omega 3 FAs and other important trace minerals including: Boron, Manganese, Selenium and Copper. 


Q&A section. Questions from Part 1 are answered here including topics such as:

  • Getting sufficient bone specific minerals when following a dairy free diet
  • Tea/coffee and bone health
  • Phytoestrogenic foods and their links to bone health
  • Nutrition to support bone healing following g a fracture or stress injury


Key Takeaways:

  • Important to have optimal levels of all BONE BUILDING nutrients in your food plan and possibly your supplement plan 
  • Focus on Calcium, Magnesium, Vitamin D and K2 alongside a range of trace minerals 
  • Ensure Calcium: Magnesium Ratio is 2:1 
  • Optimal Nutrient status is important to minimise risk of absorbing toxic minerals 
  • Include 1-2 portions of phyto estrogenic foods every day 
  • When recovering from a fracture ensure you have optimal amounts of protein, fruit and vegetables and omega 3 oils in your food plan and consider a bone supporting supplement plan to promote healing and recovery.

Related Episodes:

Bone Health For Runners Part 1

Nutrition for Running Injury


The suggestions we make during this episode are for guidance and

advice only, and are not a substitute for medical advice or treatment.

If you have any concerns regarding your health, please contact

your healthcare professional for advice as soon as possible.

Aileen Smith and Karen Campbell met at as nutrition students (Institute for Optimum Nutrition, London) and became lifelong friends and nutritional buddies! Both have a love of running and a passion for nutrition, delicious food and healthy living.

Together they host RUNNERS HEALTH HUB. A place for like-minded runners who are looking for simple ways to support running performance, energy, endurance, and general great health.

We are excited to be able to share our expertise, experience and short cuts with you. We hope you'll join us again. If you'd like to know more about us and She Runs Eats Performs please check out our TRAILER.

If you're ready to make learn more about how you may introduce easy nutrition into your running and training plan join our Easy Nutrition For Healthy Runners Online Programme for short videos, recipes, downloads and LIVE training and Q&A.

As a THANK YOU to you as one of our valued listeners, we have a special offer for you use COUPON CODE POD to get 33% discount off the full price which brings the price to £199.

If you’d like help from Karen and Aileen to design a personalised sports nutrition plan for your running - please contact them at

Happy Running!

Aileen and Karen 


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About the Podcast

She Runs Eats Performs
for mid-life female runners of all abilities
Are you confused about the science around nutrition for runners? Listen in to learn about the WHY, HOW, WHAT, and WHEN of eating to fuel your running performance.

We are here to help you translate sports nutritional science, into easy to apply tips and plans, helping you enjoy peak running performance. We focus on the FEMALE FACTORS every mid-life woman needs to know to be a healthy runner.

About your host

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Aileen Smith

Nutritionists, Educators, Podcasters, Runners and Friends

We have a love of running and a passion for nutrition, delicious food and healthy living. She Runs Eats Performs for female runners of all abilities who are looking for simple ways to improve their running performance and their health with nutrition and lifestyle.
We enjoy sharing our nutritional expertise, reviewing the latest sports science and most of all helping you to take easy action so you can enjoy your running life to the full.
We are here to help you achieve great health and good shape whilst staying injury-free with easy-to-understand sports nutritional concepts and easy-to-implement tips and plans.

Aileen and Karen are BANT and CNHC Registered Nutritional Therapists.